EIT edellyttää Venäjältä nopeita naisiin kohdistuvan väkivallan vastaisia toimia14.12.2021 | Oikeusuutiset
Violations in authorities’ failure to respond to domestic violence cases; urgent legal changes required
In today’s Chamber judgment in the case of Tunikova and Others v. Russia (application nos. 55974/16, 53118/17, 27484/18, and 28011/19) the European Court of Human Rights held,
unanimously, that there had been:
- a violation of Article 3 (prohibition on inhuman and degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights, and
- a violation of Article 14 (prohibition on discrimination) in conjunction with Article 3.
The case concerned acts of domestic violence, including death threats, bodily injuries and one case of severe mutilation, which the applicants sustained at the hands of their former partners or husbands, and the domestic authorities’ alleged failure to establish a legal framework for combating acts of domestic violence and bringing the perpetrators to account.
The Court found, in particular, that the Russian authorities had failed to establish a legal framework to combat domestic violence effectively; they had not assessed the risks of recurrent violence; and they had not carried out an effective investigation into the domestic violence the applicants had suffered.
It found it established that as regards protection against the risk of domestic violence, women in Russia are in a situation of de facto discrimination. The Court recommended under Article 46 (binding force and execution of judgments) that urgent changes to domestic law and practice to prevent similar violations from occurring be made.