EIT:n suuri jaosto: alkioiden luovuttamiskielto tieteellistä tutkimusta varten ei loukannut EIS 8 artiklaa

27.8.2015 | Oikeusuutiset

Markku Fredman

Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuimen suuri jaosto on tänään antamassaan tuomiossa äänin 16-1 katsonut, että alkioiden luovuttaminen kuului sinänsä EIS 8 artiklassa suojattuun yksityiselämän piiriin, mutta niiden luovuttamiskielto tieteellistä tutkimusta varten ei kuitenkaan loukannut oikeutta yksityiselämän suojaan.

EIT:n lehdistötiedotteesta:

In today’s Grand Chamber judgment in the case of Parrillo v. Italy (application no. 46470/11) the European Court of Human Rights held, by sixteen votes to one, that there had been:

No violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

The case concerned a ban under Italian Law no. 40/2004, preventing Ms Parrillo from donating to scientific research embryos obtained from an in vitro fertilisation which were not destined for a pregnancy.

The Court, which was called upon for the first time to rule on this issue, held that Article 8 was applicable in this case under its “private life” aspect, as the embryos in question contained Ms Parrillo’s genetic material and accordingly represented a constituent part of her identity.

The Court considered at the outset that Italy was to be given considerable room for manoeuvre (“wide margin of appreciation”) on this sensitive question, as confirmed by the lack of a European consensus and the international texts on this subject.

The Court then noted that the drafting process for Law no. 40/2004 had given rise to considerable discussions and that the Italian legislature had taken account of the State’s interest in protecting the embryo and the interest of the individuals concerned in exercising their right to self-determination. The Court stated that it was not necessary in this case to examine the sensitive and controversial question of when human life begins, as Article 2 (right to life) was not in issue.

Noting, lastly that there was no evidence that Ms Parillo’s deceased partner would have wished to donate the embryos to medical research, the Court concluded that the ban in question had been “necessary in a democratic society”.

Koko lehdistötiedote löytyy täältä: here

Koko tuomio löytyy täältä: CASE OF PARRILLO v. ITALY

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