EIT: Ukrainassa lainsäädännöllinen ongelma mielenosoitusten kanssa17.4.2013 | Oikeusuutiset
Euroopan ihmisoikeustuomioistuin (EIT) on antanut tuomion, jossa se on katsonut Ukrainassa vallinneen 20 vuoden lainsäädännöllisen aukon mielenosoituksia koskien.
EIT totesi poikkeuksellisesti velvoittavassa kannanotossaan, että Ukrainan tulee viipymättä säätää laissa mielenosoituksista ja niiden mahdollisista rajoituksista.
The case concerned a human rights activist who complained in particular that he had been sentenced to three days of administrative detention for holding a demonstration without permission, even though such permission was not required by domestic law. The Court considered that the case disclosed a structural problem, namely a legislative lacuna concerning freedom of assembly which has remained in Ukraine since the end of the Soviet Union. Indeed, the only existing document currently establishing a procedure for holding demonstrations is a Decree adopted in 1988 by the USSR (the 1988 Decree), which is not generally accepted by the Ukrainian courts as still applicable. Therefore, under Article 46 (binding force and implementation), the Court invited Ukraine to urgently reform its legislation and administrative practice to establish the requirements for the organisation and holding of peaceful demonstrations as well as the grounds for their restriction.
The Court reiterated that Article 46 imposed on contracting States a legal obligation to implement appropriate measures to ensure the right of the applicant which the Court had found to have been violated. Such measures also had to be taken in respect of other people in a similar position, notably by solving the shortcoming found in the national system as quickly and as effectively as possible.
In this case, the violations of Article 11 and 7 had stemmed from a legislative lacuna concerning freedom of assembly, which had persisted in Ukraine for more than two decades. Therefore, the Court stressed that specific reforms in the legislation and administrative practice of Ukraine should be urgently implemented in order to establish the requirements for the organisation and holding of peaceful demonstrations as well as the grounds for their restriction.
Koko lehdistötiedote, missä myös linkki koko tuomioon, löytyy täältä: Press release